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Bloom's taxonomy:

Benjamin Bloom, and Marzano, created a classification to categorize the components of knowledge and thus the questions typically tested in an exam setting. A total exam should include all those levels, but usually only one or two are tested. However, OakEdu prepares for all those levels. The main preparation at school consists in guessing the levels likely to be tested at the exam and to prepare accordingly.

Competence

Skills Demonstrated

Knowledge

  • observation and recall of information
  • knowledge of dates, events, places
  • knowledge of major ideas
  • mastery of subject matter
  • Question Cues:
    list, define, tell, describe, identify, show, label, collect, examine, tabulate, quote, name, what, who, when, where, etc.
  • Expected answer: verbatim repetition, paraphrase into the student's own words

Comprehension

  • understanding information
  • grasp meaning
  • translate knowledge into new context
  • interpret facts, compare, contrast
  • order, group, infer causes
  • predict consequences
  • Question Cues:
    summarize, describe, interpret, contrast, predict, associate, distinguish, estimate, differentiate, discuss, relate, gather, extend, Compare the properties of objects or events, Classify the causes and effects of separate events into categories, Represent visually - verbally and with symbols the social political and economic characteristics of region XX, Order the settings of seven novels based the richness of the described scenes
  • Expected answer: structure information so that it can be more deeply understood or presented more clearly

Application

  • use information
  • use methods, concepts, theories in new situations
  • solve problems using required skills or knowledge
  • Questions Cues:
    apply, demonstrate, calculate, complete, illustrate, show, solve, examine, modify, relate, change, classify, experiment, discover, dramatize, sketch; Apply your knowledge of swimming and weight lifting to imagine a new sports game, Apply your knowledge of spreadsheets - mathematics and the planets you have been studying to create a spreadsheet that calculates how much each person will weigh on each of the planets in our solar system, Demonstrate using these objects the orbit of a planet that orbits around two stars instead of one, Create your own pledge of allegiance to a cause or organization
  • Expected answer: make real results

Analysis

  • seeing patterns, relationships
  • organization of parts
  • recognition of hidden meanings
  • identification of components
  • Question Cues:
    analyze, separate, order, explain, connect, classify, breakdown, arrange, divide, compare, select, explain, identify, infer; What are the basic elements (ingredients) in a xxxxxxx, What is/are the functions of xxxxxxxx, Inventory the parts of xxxxxxx, Categorize the xxxxxxx of yyyyyyyy, Sort the xxxxxxx, What is the order of steps in xxxxxxx
  • Expected answer: expand and breakdown in smaller knowledge chunks

Synthesis

  • use old ideas to create new ones
  • generalize from given facts
  • relate knowledge from several areas
  • predict, draw conclusions
  • Question Cues:
    combine, integrate, modify, rearrange, substitute, plan, create, design, invent, what if?, compose, formulate, prepare, generalize, rewrite, how would you test, make up, propose an alternative, compose, how else would you, design, state a rule, theorize, develop, devise, originate, revise, extend, synthesize, conceive, generalize, propose, create, integrate, project, hypothesize; Using xxxxx, how many ways can you think of to yyyyy, Summarize in your own words the story of xxxxx, Make a plan to zzzzz, What might happen if  xxxxx, Can you make a  yyyyy, How can you improve or make xxxxx better, What ideas do you have for changing xxxxx
  • Expected answer: increase density and decrease size

Evaluation

  • compare and discriminate between ideas
  • assess value of theories, presentations
  • make choices based on reasoned argument
  • verify value of evidence
  • recognize subjectivity
  • Question Cues:
    assess, decide, rank, grade, test, measure, recommend, convince, select, judge, explain, discriminate, support, conclude, compare, summarize
  • Expected answer: make real results

Bloom, B.S. (Ed.) (1956) Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals: Handbook I, cognitive domain. New York; Toronto: Longmans, Green.
Marzano, Robert J. (1992). A different kind of classroom : teaching with dimensions of learning . Alexandria, VA : Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. [WCU GENERAL LB1025.3 .M34 1992 Teaching. Learning, Psychology of. Curriculum planning --United States.]

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